Primates of Peru

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
July 2006

Family Callitrichidae

Cebuella pygmaea niveiventris
Cebuella pygmaea pygmaea
Pygmy marmoset LC
Callimico goeldii Goeldi's monkey NT
Saguinus fuscicollis crandalli
Saguinus fuscicollis fuscicollis
Saguinus fuscicollis illigeri
Saguinus fuscicollis lagonotus
Saguinus fuscicollis leucogenys
Saguinus fuscicollis nigrifrons
Saguinus fuscicollis weddelli
Crandall's saddle-back tamarin
Spix’s saddle-back tamarin
Illiger’s saddle-back tamarin
Red-mantle saddle-back tamarin
Andean saddle-back tamarin
Geoffroy’s saddle-back tamarin
Weddelli's Saddle-back tamarin
Saguinus imperator imperator
Saguinus imperator subgrisescens
Black-chinned emperor tamarin
Bearded emperor tamarin
Saguinus labiatus labiatus Lesson’s saddle-back tamarin LC
Saguinus mystax mystax Spix’s mustached tamarin LC
Saguinus nigricollis graellsi
Saguinus nigricollis nigricollis
Graell’s black-mantle tamarin
Spix’s black mantle tamarin
Saguinus tripartitus Golden-mantle saddle-back tamarin LC

Family Cebidae

Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis
Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis
Bolivian squirrel monkey
Peruvian squirrel monkey
Saimiri sciureus macrodon Ecuadorian squirrel monkey LC
Cebus albifrons aequatorialis
Cebus albifrons albifrons
Cebus albifrons cuscinus
Cebus albifrons yuracus
Ecuadorian capuchin
White-fronted capuchin
Shock-headed capuchin
Andean white-fronted capuchin
Cebus apella macrocephalus
Cebus apella peruanus

Family Aotidae

Aotus azarae boliviensis Bolivian night monkey LC
Aotus miconax Andean night monkey VU A2cd
Aotus nancymaae Ma's night monkey LC
Aotus nigriceps Black-headed night monkey LC
Aotus vociferans Noisy night monkey LC

Family Pitheciidae

Callicebus brunneus Brown titi LC
Callicebus caligatus Chestnut-bellied titi LC
Callicebus cupreus Red titi, Coppery titi LC
Callicebus oenanthe Andean titi, Isabelline titi VU B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)
Callicebus torquatus White-collared titi LC
Pithecia aequatorialis Equatorial saki LC
Pithecia irrorata irrorata Gray’s bald-faced saki LC
Pithecia monachus milleri
Pithecia monachus monachus
Miller’s monk saki
Geoffroy’s monk saki
VU A2c
Cacajao calvus ucayalii Ucayali bald-headed uacari VU A2cd

Family Atelidae

Alouatta palliata aequatorialis Ecuadorian mantled howling monkey LC
Alouatta seniculus juara
Alouatta seniculus seniculus
Juruá red howling monkey
Red howling monkey
Ateles belzebuth White-bellied spider monkey VU A2acd
Ateles chamek Black-faced black spider monkey LC
Ateles paniscus Red-faced black spider monkey LC
Lagothrix cana cana Geoffroy's woolly monkey NT
Lagothrix lagothricha Humboldt's woolly monkey LC
Lagothrix poeppigii Poeppig’s woolly monkey NT
Oreonax flavicauda Yellow-tailed woolly monkey CR B1+2abcde, C2a


Total Taxa: 51
Total Threatened: 6
Percent Threatened: 12%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.


Groves, C. P. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Pacheco, V., Macedo, H. de, Vivar, E., Ascorra, C. F., Arana-Cardó, R. and Solari, S. 1995. Lista anotada de los Mamíferos Peruanos. Occasional Papers in Conservation Biology No. 2, Conservation International, Washington, DC.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.