Primates of Asia

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
July 2006

Family Lorisidae
Subfamily Lorisinae

Loris lydekkerianus lydekkerianus
Loris lydekkerianus malabaricus
Mysore slender loris
Malabar slender loris
Nycticebus bengalensis Northern slow loris DD

Family Cercopithecidae
Subfamily Cercopithecinae

Macaca arctoides Stumptail or bear macaque VU A1cd
Macaca assamensis assamensis
Macaca assamensis pelops
Eastern Assamense macaque
Western Assamense macaque
VU A1cd
EN B1ab(i,ii,iii)+2ab(i,ii,iii); C2a(i)
Macaca fascicularis umbrosa
Nicobar long-tailed macaque NT
Macaca leonina Northern pigtail macaque VU A1cd
Macaca mulatta mulatta Indian rhesus macaque LR/nt
Macaca munzala Arunachal macaque NE
Macaca radiata diluta
Macaca radiata radiata
Light-bellied bonnet macaque
Dark-bellied bonnet macaque
Macaca silenus Lion-tailed macaque EN C2a(i)

Subfamily Colobinae

Semnopithecus entellus achates
Semnopithecus entellus ajax
Semnopithecus entellus anchises
Semnopithecus entellus entellus
Semnopithecus entellus hector
Semnopithecus entellus hypoleucos
Semnopithecus entellus schistaceus
Plains langur
Dark-armed Himalayan langur
Deccan langur
Bengal Hanuman langur
Terai langur
Malabar langur
Pale-armed Himalayan langur
CR B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v)
EN B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)
Semnopithecus priam priam
Semnopithecus priam thersites
White-handed crested langur
Grey-handed crested langur
VU A1cd
Semnopithecus johnii Nilgiri black langur VU C2a(i)
Trachypithecus geei Golden leaf monkey EN B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v); C1+2a(i)
Trachypithecus obscurus phayrei Phayre's leaf monkey NE
Trachypithecus pileatus brahma
Trachypithecus pileatus durga
Trachypithecus pileatus pileatus
Trachypithecus pileatus tenebricus
Buff-bellied capped leaf monkey
Orange-bellied capped leaf monkey
Blond-bellied capped leaf monkey
Tenebrous capped leaf monkey
EN A1cd, C2a
EN A1cd, C2a
EN C2a(i)

Family Hylobatidae

Hoolock hoolock Western hoolock gibbon EN A1cd


Total Taxa: 30
Total Threatened: 14
Percent Threatened: 47%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.


Brandon-Jones, D., Eudey, A. A., Geissmann, T., Groves, C. P., Melnick, D. J., Morales, J. C., Shekelle, M. and Stewart, C.-B. 2004. Asian primate classification. International Journal of Primatology 25(1): 97-164.

Molur, S., Brandon-Jones, D., Dittus, W., Eudey, A., Kumar, A., Singh, M., Feeroz, M. M., Chalise, M., Priya, P. and Walker, S. 2003. Status of South Asian Primates: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P.) Workshop Report, 2003. Zoo Outreach Organisation / CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.