Primates of Costa Rica

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
April 2007

Family Cebidae

Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus
Saimiri oerstedii oerstedii
Grey-crowned Cent. Am. squirrel monkey
Black-crowned Cent. Am. squirrel monkey
CR B1ab(i,ii,iii)
EN B1ab(i,ii,iii)
Cebus capucinus imitator Panamanian white-faced capuchin LC

Family Aotidae

Aotus zonalis (unconfirmed) Panamanian night monkey DD

Family Atelidae

Alouatta palliata palliata Golden-mantled howling monkey LC
Ateles geoffroyi frontatus
Ateles geoffroyi geoffroyi
Ateles geoffroyi ornatus
Black-browed spider monkey
Geoffroy’s spider monkey
Ornate spider monkey


Total Taxa: 8
Total Threatened: 3
Percent Threatened: 38%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.


Groves, C. P. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Rylands, A. B., Groves, C. P., Mittermeier, R. A., Cortés-Ortiz, L. and Hines, J. J. H. 2006. Taxonomy and distributions of Mesoamerican primates. In: New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates, A. Estrada, P. A. Garber, M. Pavelka and L. Luecke (eds.), pp.29-79.