Primates of Nigeria

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
June 2007

Family Galagidae

Galagoides demidovii Demidoff’s dwarf galago LC
Galagoides thomasi Thomas' dwarf galago LC
Galago senegalensis senegalensis Senegal lesser galago LC
Euoticus elegantulus Southern needle-clawed galago LR/nt
Euoticus pallidus talboti Nigeria needle-clawed galago NE
Sciurocheirus alleni cameronensis Cross River Allen’s galago NE

Family Lorisidae
Subfamily Perodicticinae

Arctocebus calabarensis Calabar angwantibo LR/nt
Perodicticus potto potto Western potto LR/lc

Family Cercopithecidae
Subfamily Cercopithecinae

Cercocebus torquatus Red-capped mangabey LR/nt
Mandrillus leucophaeus leucophaeus Mainland drill EN A1acd+2cd
Lophocebus albigena Grey-cheeked mangabey LR/lc
Papio anubis Olive baboon LR/lc
Erythrocebus patas Patas monkey LR/lc
Cercopithecus aethiops tantalus Tantalus monkey NE
Cercopithecus erythrogaster pococki Nigeria white-throated monkey EN A2cd
Cercopithecus lhoesti L'Hoest's monkey LR/nt
Cercopithecus mona Mona monkey LR/lc
Cercopithecus nictitans martini Bioko Putty-nosed monkey EN B1+2abc
Cercopithecus sclateri Red-eared monkey EN B1+2c

Subfamily Colobinae

Procolobus verus Olive colobus LR/nt
Colobus guereza occidentalis Western guereza NE
Colobus vellerosus White-thighed colobus VU A1cd+2cd

Family Hominidae
Subfamily Homininae

Gorilla gorilla diehli Cross River gorilla CR A2c; C2a(i)
Pan troglodytes ellioti
Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee
EN A1cd+2cd


Total Taxa: 24
Total Threatened: 7
Percent Threatened: 29%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.


Anadu, P. A. 1987. Prospects for conservation of forest primates in Nigeria. Primate Conservation (8): 154-159.

Groves, C. P. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC.

Grubb, P., Butynski, T. M., Oates, J. F., Bearder, S. K., Disotell, T. R., Groves, C. P. and Struhsaker, T. T. 2003. Assessment of the diversity of African primates. International Journal of Primatology 24(6): 1301-1357.

Happold, D. C. D. 1987. The Mammals of Nigeria. Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London.

Oates, J., Sunderland-Groves, J., Bergl, R., Dunn, A., Nicholas, A., Takang, E., Omeni, F., Imong, I., Fotso, R., Nkembi, L. and Williamson, E.A. 2007. Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Conservation International, Arlington, VA, USA.