Primates of the Atlantic Forest

Taxonomy and Conservation Status
June 2007

Family Cebidae
Subfamily Callitrichinae

Callithrix aurita Buffy-tufted-ear marmoset EN B1+2abcde, C2a
Callithrix flaviceps Buffy-headed marmoset EN C2a(i)
Callithrix geoffroyi Geoffroy’s tufted-ear marmoset VU B1+2b, C2a
Callithrix jacchus Common marmoset LC
Callithrix kuhlii Wied's black-tufted-ear marmoset LC
Callithrix penicillata Black-tufted-ear marmoset LC
Leontopithecus caissara Black-faced lion tamarin CR C2a(i)
Leontopithecus chrysomelas Golden-headed lion tamarin EN B2ab(i-v); C2a(i)
Leontopithecus chrysopygus Black lion tamarin CR C2a(ii)
Leontopithecus rosalia Golden lion tamarin EN C2a(i)

Family Cebidae
Subfamily Cebinae

Cebus flavius Marcgraf's capuchin NE
Cebus libidinosus Bearded capuchin NE
Cebus nigritus Black-horned capuchin NE
Cebus robustus Crested capuchin VU B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v); C2a
Cebus xanthosternos Yellow-breasted capuchin CR A2cd; C2a(i)

Family Atelidae
Subfamily Pitheciinae

Callicebus barbarabrownae Barbara Brown's titi CR B2ab(i,ii,iii); C2a(i); D
Callicebus coimbrai Coimbra-Filho's titi CR B1ab(i,ii,iii); C2a(i); D
Callicebus melanochir S. Bahian masked titi VU A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v); C2a(i); D1
Callicebus nigrifrons Black-fronted titi NT
Callicebus personatus Northern masked titi VU A3c; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v); C2a(i); D1

Family Atelidae
Subfamily Atelinae

Alouatta belzebul Red-handed howling monkey LC
Alouatta guariba clamitans
Alouatta guariba guariba
Southern brown howling monkey
Northern brown howling monkey
CR B2ab(i,ii,iii); C2a(i); D
Brachyteles arachnoides Southern muriqui EN C2a(i)
Brachyteles hypoxanthus Northern muriqui CR B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)


Total Taxa: 26
Total Threatened: 16
Percent Threatened: 62%

Note: This is presented as a working taxonomy and is not definitive.

The conservation status of each species is based on assessment summaries provided by the IUCN Red List. The Red List website offers more information on the threat categories listed here.


Rylands, A. B., Coimbra-Filho, A. F. and Mittermeier, R. A. 1993. Systematics, distributions, and some notes on the conservation status of the Callitrichidae. In: Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics, Behaviour and Ecology, A. B. Rylands (ed.), pp.11–77. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Rylands, A. B., Fonseca, G. A. B. da, Leite, Y. L. R. and Mittermeier, R. A. 1996. Primates of the Atlantic Forest: Origin, distributions, endemism, and communities. In: Adaptive Radiations of Neotropical Primates, M. A. Norconk, A. L. Rosenberger and P. A. Garber (eds.), pp.21-51. Plenum Press, New York.

Rylands, A. B., Schneider, H., Langguth, A., Mittermeier, R. A., Groves, C. P. and Rodríguez-Luna, E. 2000. An assessment of the diversity of New World primates. Neotrop. Primates 8(2): 61–93.

Rylands, A. B, Kierulff, M. C. M. and Mittermeier, R. A. 2005. Some notes on the taxonomy and distributions of the tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus, Cebidae) of South America. Lundiana 6(Supl.): 97–110.

Rylands, A. B., Mittermeier, R. A. and Coimbra-Filho, A. F. In press. The systematics and distributions of the marmosets (Callithrix, Callibella, Cebuella, and Mico) and callimico (Callimico) (Callitrichidae, Primates). In: The Smallest Anthropoids: The Marmoset/Callimico Radiation, S. M. Ford and L. C. Davis (eds.). Springer, New York.